viscose staple fibre
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Viscose Staple Fibre (VSF), a man made fibre
Grasim is India's pioneer in VSF, a man-made, biodegradable fibre with characteristics akin to cotton. A versatile and easily blendable fibre, VSF is used in apparel, home textiles, dress material, knitted wear and non-woven applications. Grasim offers the entire range of cellulosic fibre under the umbrella brand 'Birla Cellulose'. Our fibres can be used in their 100% form, or can be blended with all natural and synthetic fibres for enhanced comfort, feel and lustre.

Production of viscose staple fibre (VSF) was started in 1954 at Nagda, in Madhya Pradesh. The business has grown steadily over six decades to become a leading player with 9% global share. The business derives its competitive edge from its integrated business model, with captive raw materials  - dissolving grade wood pulp, caustic soda, carbon-disulphide,  power generation and steam.

Key Facts :

  • 4 VSF Plants in India    
  • 498000 TPA aggregate India capacity
  • 4 International JVs


Nagda is Grasim’s largest unit. It produces a wide range of VSF to suit customer needs in terms of length, denier and colour. Nagda is also the largest producer of spun-dyed speciality fibre in the world.

The Harihar unit manufactures both VSF and rayon grade pulp, the raw material for VSF. This dissolving grade pulp plant was the first in India to use indigenous wood resources with in-house technology; it produces rayon pulp with an innovative oxygen bleaching process that reduces the use of chlorine.

The VSF plant at Kharach, set up in 1996, employs technology, which gives it a competitive edge in the export market.

A 120,000 TPA capacity VSF plant at Vilayat, Gujarat, was commissioned in FY 2015. The plant focuses on producing specialty fibres (modal, micro modal and dyed). It enables the company to serve the market with the full range of fibres.

Joint Ventures (JV)
Grasim has the following joint ventures overseas:

AV Group NB. Inc.
AV Group NB. Inc. supply dissolving grade pulp to the Aditya Birla Group’s VSF units in India, Thailand and Indonesia.

AV Terrace Bay, Canada
Grasim acquired assets of AV Terrace Bay, a paper grade pulp mill, in a joint venture with Thai Rayon in July 2012.

Domsjö Fabriker AB in Sweden
Grasim along with Aditya Birla Group’s VSF companies acquired Domsjo Fabriker AB, a leading Swedish specialty pulp and bio-refinery company. With this acquisition, Grasim is assured of high-quality dissolving grade pulp.

Birla Jingwei Fibres Company Limited in China
Iit is now a wholly owned Aditya Birla Group company. Currently, this plant has the capacity to produce 70,000 TPA of VSF and provides footprint in the largest VSF market in the world.

Research and development
Grasim has established a strong research and development (R&D) base.

The Pulp and Fibre Innovation Centre (PFIC) is the central research centre facility of the business and focuses on how product development, sustainable process, product performance enhancement and quality improvement. Aditya Birla Cellulosic Fibre Research Centre is a pilot plant for R & D in fibre manufacturing process. Textile Research Application Development Centre (TRADC) at Kharach, is involved in addressing downstream textile value chain. Grasim Forest Research Institute, Harihar is involved in R&D of forestry. Birla Research Institute for Applied Sciences (BRI), Nagda is involved in the development of different generations of cellulosic fibres.

Capacities at a glance
Business Units Installed capacity #
Viscose Staple Fibre (VSF) Nagda (MP), Harihar (Karnataka), Kharach and Vilayat (Gujarat) in India 4,98,000 tpa
Birla Jingwei Fibres Company* Hubei, China 73,000 tpa

Rayon Grade Pulp

Harihar (Karnataka) 70,000 tpa
AV Group NB Inc * Canada (Atholville, New Brunswick) 3,20,000 tpa
Domsjö Fabriker AB * Sweden (Ornskoldsvik) 255,000 tpa
Paper Grade Pulp
AV Terrace Bay Inc.*
Canada (Terrace Bay, Ontario) Paper Grade

* joint ventures
# capacities as on March 31, 2017

Contact us
Grasim Industries Limited
Hub Town Solaris, 5th Floor, 501A & 502,
Prof N S Phadke Marg, Andheri (East),
Mumbai – 400069 INDIA

Tel: +91 22 61957700

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