Viscose Staple Fibre

Grasim is India's pioneer in VSF, a man-made, biodegradable fibre with characteristics akin to cotton. A versatile and easily blendable fibre, VSF is used in apparel, home textiles, dress material, knitted wear and non-woven applications. Grasim offers the entire range of cellulose fibre under the umbrella brand 'Birla Cellulose'. Our fibres can be used in their original form, or can be blended with all natural and synthetic fibres for enhanced comfort, feel and lustre.

Production of Viscose Staple Fibre (VSF) was started in 1954 at Nagda, in Madhya Pradesh. The business has grown steadily over six decades to become a leading player, with 9% global share. At Group level, The Aditya Birla Group commands 17% share globally. The Pulp & Fibre Business derives its competitive edge from its integrated business model, with captive raw materials - dissolving grade wood pulp, caustic soda, carbon-disulphide, power generation and steam.

Website: Birla Cellulose

Key Facts

Plants – In India


Nagda – MP

Nagda is Grasim’s largest unit. It produces a wide range of VSF to suit customer needs in terms of length, denier and colour. Nagda is also the largest producer of spun-dyed speciality fibre in the world.

Harihar – Karnataka

The Harihar unit manufactures both VSF and rayon grade pulp, the raw material for VSF. This Dissolving grade pulp plant was the first in India to use indigenous wood resources with in-house technology; it produces rayon pulp with an innovative oxygen bleaching process that reduces the use of chlorine.


Kharach – Gujarat

The VSF plant at Kharach, set up in 1996, employs technology, which gives it a competitive edge in the export market.

Vilayat – Gujarat

Grasim’s new 120,000 TPA capacity VSF plant at Vilayat, Gujarat, was commissioned in FY 2015. The plant will focus on producing specialty fibres (modal, micro modal and dyed). It will enable the company to serve the market with the full range of fibres.


Joint Ventures


AV Group NV Inc – Canada

AV Cell and AV Nackawic supply dissolving grade pulp to the Aditya Birla Group’s VSF units in India, Thailand and Indonesia.

AV Terrace Bay, Canada

Grasim acquired assets of AV Terrace Bay, a paper grade pulp mill, in a joint venture with Thai Rayon in July 2012.


Domsjo Fabriker AB, Sweden

Grasim along with Aditya Birla Group’s VSF companies acquired Domsjo Fabriker AB, a leading Swedish specialty pulp and bio-refinery company. With this acquisition, Grasim is assured of high-quality dissolving grade pulp.

Birla Jingwei Fibres, China

The company was originally promoted as a joint venture with the Fujian Jingwei Group in 2006 to manufacture VSF; it is now a wholly owned Aditya Birla Group company. Currently, this plant has the capacity to produce 70,000 TPA of VSF and provides footprint in the largest VSF market in the world.


Research & Development

Grasim has established a strong research and development (R&D) base.

The Pulp and Fibre Innovation Centre (PFIC) is the central research centre facility of the business and focuses on how product development, sustainable process, product performance enhancement and quality improvement. Aditya Birla Cellulosic Fibre Research Centre is a pilot plant for R & D in fibre manufacturing process. Textile Research Application Development Centre (TRADC) at Kharach, is involved in addressing downstream textile value chain. Grasim Forest Research Institute, Harihar is involved in R&D of forestry. Birla Research Institute for Applied Sciences (BRI), Nagda is involved in the development of different generations of cellulosic fibres.

Capacities at a Glance

Business Units Installed Capacity#
Viscose staple fibre (VSF) units Nagda (MP), Harihar (Karnataka), Kharach and Vilayat (Gujarat) 5,46,000 TPA
Birla Jingwei Fibres Company* Hubei, China 70,000 TPA
Rayon Grade Pulp Harihar (Karnataka) 70,000 TPA
AV Cell Inc.* Canada (Nackawic, New Brunswick) 130,000 TPA
AV Nackawic Inc.* Canada (Atholville, New Brunswick) 190,000 TPA
Domsjö Fabriker AB* Sweden (Ornskoldsvik) 255,000 TPA
Paper Grade Pulp
AV Terrace Bay Inc.*

Canada (Terrace Bay, Ontario)

408,250 TPA
* joint ventures
# capacities as on March 31, 2015